Chicago is a leading industrial city and grain centre. It is situated in the southeast shore of Lake Michigan in the Great Lakes Region. The city has the nickname of "Windy City" because of lake breezes and extremes of climate.
Chicago and Detroit are great centres of the automobile industry of the United States. Widely known all over the world the Ford cars are made in Ford's which are also situated in Chicago.
There are some places of interest in Chicago, such as Loop, Foreign Districts, University of Chicago, Chicago Natural History Museum, Art Institute of Chicago, Lincoln Park, and others.
Loop is the heart of Chicago's business district, which is encircled by the loop of the elevated railway. It runs over Wells, Van Buren, Wabash, and Lake Streets. Within this district there are some of the city's largest hotels, the financial section, the theatre district, many big stores, and the corner of State and Madison, known as the world's busiest corner.
San Francisco is one of the biggest cities and ports in the west of the USA. It is an important military base of the US, which lies near the Pacific Ocean. It is a shipbuilding centre. San Francisco is situated on the seven hills.
Chinatown is a section of San Francisco where the Chinese live. Chinatown is one of the city's main attractions.
The Chinese were first drawn to California in the gold-rush years and later imported in large numbers to provide cheap labour for the construction of California's half of the transcontinental railroad. The Chinese of San Francisco had clustered in a section west of the Barbary Coast.
Now Grant Street is the commercial heart of Chinatown. There are many Oriental shops, restaurants and bars there. The American Chinese who live in San Francisco are clustered in and about the borders of Chinatown.
Los Angeles, "City of Angels", rose from the settlement of El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de Los Angeles in 1769. Neglected for many years, the Pueblo has now become part of an area of 42 acres preserved as a State Historical landmark.
In the centre of the square rises an old bandstand of the kind found in Latin American villages, around which the inhabitants usually promenade during summer evenings. The same traditions are maintained in this quiet area of Los Angeles,-almost the only place free of traffic.
In complete contrast to the Pueblo is the modern Civic Centre. This complex of buildings is in a spacious area with parks and malls green with palms and evergreens. In it the city authorities have tried to create that focal point which the city lacks. The buildings are conventionally designed, according to the pattern of other civic centres in the United States, and a good deal of the city's cultural life revolves about them.
The United Kingdom is a monarchy. The Queen is the official head of state. In practice the country is ruled by the government of the party that has majority in the parliament after the elections. The leader of the majority party usually becomes the prime minister.
The British Parliament has two chambers. The House of Lords, the upper chamber, consists of approximately 500 life peers, 92 hereditary peers and 26 clerical lords — bishops and archbishops. The House of Commons, the lower chamber, which is more politically important, has 646 seats since the elections of 2005. The members of parliament, most often called MPs for short, are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms unless the House is dissolved earlier.
There are three main political parties: the Labour, the Conservative, and the Liberal. Nationalist parties of Wales, Scotland, and Ireland are represented in parliament too, but they are much smaller. In 2010 a general election was held. The Conservative party achieved a majority in the House of Commons, and the leader of the party David Cameron was appointed Prime Minister by the Queen.