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14 декабрь category Biographies Review: 0

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Jules Verne was a French geographer and writer, a classic of adventure literature, one of the founders of science fiction, and a member of the French Geographical society.

 Jules Verne was born 8 February 1828 in the ancient city of Nantes, located on the banks of the Loire. This is one of the largest ports of France, where ocean-going sailing vessels made voyages to the distant shores of different countries.

02 октябрь category Biographies Review: 0

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The question of how much ‘order’ there is in the universe and how science should engage with it has long been a crucial part of philosophy of science. To answer that question philosophers developed the concept of the ‘Unity of Science’ that came to be the dominating framework in which philosophers of science put forward their ideas. According to this approach, often referred to as monism, sciences should restrict themselves to certain ‘privileged’ scientific theories that prove to be the best at meeting the values of scientific community. However, it has been illustrated by the proponents of a different philosophical position called ‘pluralism’ that this monistic approach is in many ways detrimental to science, as it leads to a ‘loss of knowledge’.

02 октябрь category Biographies Review: 0

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Karl Pearson, known as the founder of the Department of Statistical Science at University College London (UCL), the first of its kind in the world, is undoubtedly one of the key figures in the history of UCL and of science in general. Nowadays he is remembered not only for his contribution to statistics, but also for his support of eugenics, a concept that still raises controversy in academic circles and in the general public due to its associations with racism and inhumane state policies. In this essay I am going to briefly outline the history of the eugenic movement and investigate Pearson’s interest in it in the context of his beliefs and views. Since Pearson is renowned primarily for his achievements in statistical science, I think it is important to analyze the connection between the two disciplines. Thus, the purpose of this essay is to give a description of Pearson’s contribution to the development of eugenics and examine its impact on the history of science.

26 март category Biographies Review: 0

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Cleopatra was on the birth the Egyptian;  by origin and to ancestors it was the Greek woman.  Thus, though Alexandria and delta of Nile became a scene of the most important events in its stories, in her veins Macedonian blood flew.  Its character and actions are allocated with the genius, courage, originality, and impulsiveness of a tribe from which it came.  Events of its history, on the other hand, and specific type of its adventures, her sufferings and sins, were defined by circumstances with which it was surrounded, and influence which was directed on it in that soft and sensual climate where there were events of its early life.

11 март category Biographies Review: 0

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Eduard Jenner was an English physician, the discover of vaccination. He was born at Berkeley,Gloucestershiro. Jenner studied medicine in London, at St. George`s Hospital, and had practice in Berkeley, when he was 24 years old. Hesled to the discavery of vaccination against smallpox. Today smallpox is practically unknown in civilized countries, but in the 18th century the whole world feared smallpox.

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